“Vernacular discourses and personal meanings in the example of economic populism in post-recession California”
内容简介：The Occupy Wall Street movement rallied Americans to unite in opposition to the richest 1%. At present many on the political left in the United States continue to mobilize around a politics of economic populism. What is the meaning of such rhetoric for ordinary Americans who are facing economic struggles? In the aftermath of the Great Recession (2011-2012) an assistant and I interviewed 65 unemployed southern Californians from a variety of occupational, income, racial/ethnic, and immigrant/native backgrounds; two years later I re-interviewed most of them. My initial research coincided with the efflorescence of the Occupy movement and among my interviewees I found a mix of views about it, as well as about socioeconomic structures in the US and globally. Their reactions can be understood in terms of a broader model proposed here of what mediates the public’s interpretation of political discourses. I argue that the personal meaning of political discourses depends on the entire set of vernacular discourses someone has acquired and also on their affectively laden identities and personal semantic networks. Vernacular discourse analysis reveals the local political ecology that new rhetoric enters. It is a corrective to studies that focus on social movements without understanding local cultural frames for interpreting them. Psychological level of analysis of the way political discourse relates to personal identities and meanings reveals when political discourses of any sort carry emotional and motivational force for someone. I will show that my interviewees’ investment in Occupy discourse and critiques of economic elites depended on both the vernacular discourses they had learned and their personal identities and motivating experiences.
嘉宾简介：Claudia Strauss教授是当前美国最著名的认知和心理人类学家之一，也是人类学在更为广泛的认知科学中的代言人之一，曾任美国心理人类学协会会长和美国科学基金会学术指导委员会成员. 其专长领域为语言和心理人类学。她的研究将语言学、人类学和心理学综合在一起，探讨如何从日常语言交流的细节中发现认知的文化结构，以及语言，文化和认知之间微妙复杂的联系。Strauss教授曾主持过七项由美国国家科学基金会, 温拿格伦人类学基金会(全世界最大的人类学基金会), 美国学者联盟以及Russell Sage 基金会资助的多学科的认知科学研究项目. Strauss教授曾在北卡罗莱纳大学, 杜克大学和布朗大学等世界名校任教，常年讲授心理人类学, 语言分析与文化认知，认知人类学和认知科学等课程.